Gate terminal: A storage and handling company

The growing demand for natural gas cannot be met without an increase in imports. N.V. Nederlandse Gasunie (Gasunie) and Koninklijke Vopak N.V. (Vopak) therefore decided in 2005 to develop Gate terminal (Gas Access To Europe), an LNG import terminal. The terminal’s functions are: receipt, a buffer between receipt and continuous supply of natural gas, regasification, supply. Imported LNG will be regasified and stored under pressure at the terminal before it is supplied at a constant rate to the Dutch transmission network. There will be no change in the composition of the product. The main functions of the LNG import terminal as a whole will therefore be storage and handling; no waste will be produced. The terminal will consist of three storage tanks, two jetties and a process area where the LNG will be regassified. Each tank will have a capacity of 180,000 m3. The total project costs for the LNG terminal will be about € 800 million. The throughput capacity of Gate terminal will be 12 billion m3 of natural gas per annum.  The terminal will start its commercial operations as of September 2011. The LNG terminal’s throughput capacity can be increased to 16 billion m3 per annum in the future.

Accessible location

The LNG terminal with its storage tanks and regasification plant will be built on a newly reclaimed 35 hectare site directly to the south of Maasvlakte in Rotterdam, close to the port entrance on the North Sea coast. The location provides easy access to LNG carriers and all auxiliary and handling facilities are available. The Rotterdam location also provides easy access to the nearby natural gas market in northwest Europe. Synergy will be generated with industrial complexes in the direct vicinity, for example through the use of residual heat. Gate has signed a contract with E.ON, for example, to take residual heat from the nearby E.ON power station.